hope 2005
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
HOPE 2005
International Conference on Alcohol/Drug Abuse, HIV/AIDS, Environment, Population and Human Rights
  5th November 2005  
  Chair: Mrs. Bonny Riby-Williams  
  Speaker No. 1 10.01 – 10.25
Prof Madhu I Kasiram
UKZN, School of Social Work and Community Development, South Africa.
  Bio-data:- Prof. Madhu I. Kasiram is a professor in the School of Social Work and Community Development at the University of KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. She serves as an international representative on the International Family Therapy Board where she seeks to make family therapy relevant for the South African masses.
  Title of Presentation:- Challenges to Harnessing Religion and Spirituality with Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS
  Abstract:- Both HIV/AIDS and substance abuse present scenarios of hopelessness and helplessness to those directly and indirectly involved. They also typically produce self reflection and quiet or vigorous comunication with the esoteric, seeking answers, forgiveness and/or solace. The journey to recovery is almost always made with God. The presenter has thus attempted to incorporate spirituality in discussions with clients and their families in service provision. However, this has proven to be challenging. In this paper, the presenter explored what provides space for esoteric conversations with clients along with exploring what prevents clients and therapists from networking at a spiritual level.
Speaker No. 2 10.26 – 10.50
Prof. Cherie Enns
University College of the Fraser Valley, Canada.
Bio-data:- Prof. Cherie Enns has taught community planning, urban issues and development for approximately 15 years. In addition she is a community planning consultant with experience in North American, South East Asia and Sub Saharan Africa. Her current consulting and research focus is child friendly development. Ms. Enns is passionate about the role of children in shaping their urban environments.
Title of Presentation:- Child Friendly Communities
Abstract:- In this presentation, current urban issues were presented with reference to the impact on rights of children. An overview of opportunities for improving places both with and for children were explored. Case studies from Africa, North America and SE Asia were presented with animated illustrations of the child's perspective. This presentation also involved participant involvement and applied community planning technique development.
Speaker No. 3 10.51 – 11.15
Prof. Pierre de Vos
University of Western Cape, South Africa.
Bio-data:- Prof. Pierre de Vos teaches Human Rights Law and Constitutional Law at the University of Western Cape, South Africa. He is the chairperson of the Board of the Aids Legal Network and has published extensively on social and economic rights and equality law.
Title of Presentation:- The Right of access to anti-retroviral drugs and access to health care: Lessons from South Africa
Abstract:- More than 4 million South Africans currently live with HIV/AIDS. While the government's response to the pandemic has been inadequate, civil society organisations such as the TAC has made extensive use of both social mobilisation and legal strategies to challenge the government and to help marginalised and vulnerable groups to gain access to life-saving anti-retroviral drugs. They have been helped by the South African Courts interpreting the entrenched social and economic rights in the Constitution in a inventive and progressive manner. This paper examined the role of the courts in this struggle and argued that Courts can play a decisive role in realizing the right to health care, especially if social movements use Courts strategically to help achieve these goals.
Speaker No. 4 11.16 – 11.40
Fr. Oreste Benzi, Mr.Giovanni Salina and Ms.Tiziana Selva
Association 'Comunità Papa Giovanni XXIII', Italy.
Bio-data:- Father Oreste Benzi is the founder and president of the ‘Comunità Papa Giovanni XXIII’, an international lay association of pontifical right, whose vocation consists of following the poor, servant and suffering Jesus through sharing directly the life of the least. Since 1968 the Community has established many activities such as: family-homes, emergency shelters, houses of prayer, houses of fraternity, work cooperatives for disabled people, therapeutic communities and centres for alcoholics. The Association is based in Italy and is present in 20 countries worldwide. Fr. Benzi is ably supported in his activities by Mr. Giovanni Salina and Ms. Tiziana Selva.
Title of Presentation:- The abuse of substances and the search for Absoluteness
Abstract:- This presentation spread light on: - The spiritual reality of human beings and the spiritual element of the human person; - What happens to human beings when their spiritual needs are not met; - The use of drugs, and the lack of answers to the need of human beings for Absoluteness; - The discovery of the fundamental relationship of the person with God and therapeutic recovery.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 11.41 – 11.55
Chair: Mrs. Ravena Hinduja
Speaker No. 1 11.56 – 12.20
Dr. Daksha Y. Shah
Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, India
Bio-data:- Dr. Daksha Y Shah, is the Deputy Director, Care and Support, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, India.
Title of Presentation:- Development of socioeconomic and nutritional support for PLHAs in Mumbai.
Abstract:- Majority of the HIV patients, in Mumbai, belong to low income group and few are unemployed. For any intervention and treatment to be effective overall health status and support system needs to be improved. This presentation discussed functioning & ways of interventions within the framework of care and support programme to promote healthy living and create enabling environment for HIV patients, the future directions and vision.
Speaker No. 2 12.21 – 12.45
Dr. Karunanidhi Reddy
Durban Institute of Technology, South Africa.
Bio-data:- Dr. Karunanidhi Reddy is a lecturer in Applied Law (Commerce Faculty)at the Durban Institute of Technology, South Africa.
Title of Presentation:- The Impact of the Equality Guarantees in the South African Constitution on Race Discrimination by the Business Sector
Abstract:- The apartheid system in South Africa resulted not only in vertical discrimination, that is, by the state against individuals, but it supported, encouraged and even demanded discrimination by private individuals and business (horizontal discrimination) primarily on the grounds of race. The post-apartheid Constitution specifically prohibits unfair discrimination. This paper examined the constitutional principles of equality and non-discrimination, as interpreted by the Constitutional Court, and the impact that such provisions have on race discrimination against customers. This paper showed that there is a legal obligation on business to ensure the provision of equitable customer service.
Speaker No. 3 12.46 – 13.10
Dr.Ishwar Gilada
Unison Medicare & Research Centre, Mumbai, India.
Bio-data:- Dr. Ishwar Gilada is Secretary General of Peoples Health Organization (India), the first NGO that raised alarm against AIDS in India and the AIDS Society of India. Dr. Gilada has come a long way in bringing India on AIDS control map of the world, carrying out social reforms through medical profession by tackling sensitive issues like prostitution and sexuality.
Title of Presentation:- HIV Care & Support: India is an asset not a liability!
Abstract:- This presentation chose to show that with highest HIV infections (~10 million), India poses a big problem, but could provide leadership to resource-poor settings with cheaper anti-retrovirals (ARVs) and patient-care skills- important ingredients for access and adherence. With over $120 billion foreign reserves, handling the recent Tsunami and Quake disasters without external support, producing 15/20 ARVs and triple drug combos and moreover manufacturing and selling them at 95% to 98% less cost, India is a great asset towards HIV care globally. Proper selection, modifying ARVs, dose reduction, combo-ARVs and relatively longer follow-up intervals improved access, from 5% (1998) to 68% (2005) in eligible PLWHAs. Generics have been successful in making several molecules and combos that multi-nationals could not do. Rationale drug-policy needed to make treatment and prevention of life threatening diseases readily-easily available. Eventually, India is an asset not liability, in the HIV epidemic!
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 13.11 – 13.25
LUNCH 13.26 – 13.50
Chair: Dr.Meghna Vithlani
Speaker No. 1 13.51 – 14.15
Mr. Anil Kumar Singh
Sulabh International Academy of Environmental Sanitation, New Delhi, India.
Bio-data:- Mr. Anil Kumar Singh is an IFS officer, and CEO of Sulabh International Academy of Environmental Sanitation, New Delhi, India.
Title of Presentation:- Man and Environment
Abstract:- People’s lives and surrounding environment closely interact and influence one other. The burgeoning human population and the infrastructure support required for the economic development have already shown the onslaught on natural resources. The outcome of man made activities and its effect on environment have been experienced in many ways. Sustainable development for any country whether developed or developing needs partnership so as to address the environmental issues and growing needs of the people. The author presented his organization’s viewpoint and endeavours in this paper.
Speaker No. 2 14.16 – 14.40
Dr. Tamara Relis
London School of Economics / Columbia University, USA.
Bio-data:- Dr. Tamara Relis is a post doctoral fellow at the London School of Economics and Columbia University Public Interest Lawyers Initiatives.
Title of Presentation:- Actors Understandings and Experiences in Informal Dispute Processing of Human Rights Cases
Abstract:- Large numbers of civil and criminal cases and those involving human rights violations are not taken to the formal justice system in India. There are cases settled through informal systems of dispute settlement/conflict resolution’. Yet, while informal dispute resolution including mediation is increasingly well described and understood through a fast growing literature, to which lawyers and other social scientists have contributed, rather little empirical data is yet available in the Indian context on what happens inside these processes (e.g. disadvantages to weaker parties), particularly on how these sessions are experienced by the actors involved. This paper examined dispute processing from various angles.
Speaker No. 3 14.41 – 15.05
Prof. Akim J. Mturi
University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Bio-data:- Prof. Akim J. Mturi is Associate Professor of Demography in the School of Development Studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban. His research interests include: fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa; sexual and reproductive health among young people; HIV/AIDS and its impact on demographic outcomes; and child labour.
Title of Presentation:- The existence of child-headed families and the challenges these families face in the contemporary sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract:- In recent years, sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing a drastic change in family structures than ever before. A child-headed family is an unconventional family type that has been blooming but has received little attention from researchers, planners and policy makers. And yet it is one of the worst forms of children living under difficult circumstances. This article looked at the existence of these families in selected African countries and the factors that cause these families. The article further unpacked these challenges and assesses these children’s day-to-day coping mechanisms. The final part of the articles looked at programmes and other interventions that target these families and if they are effectively implemented.
Speaker No. 4 15.06 – 15.30
Mr. Marco Jesse
JES Network, Bremen, Germany.
Bio-data:- Mr. Marco Jesse is the leader of the drop in cafe of the JES Organisation in Bremen. He is also one of the Speakers of the Drug User Network. He represents the interests of Drug Users in committees of the German AIDS Hilfe -the biggest non-governmental AIDS service organisation in Germany.
Title of Presentation:- 15 Years accepting drug users self-help in Germany
Abstract:- JES stands for Junkies, Ex-users and Substituierte, the German term for people who get Methadone. The common background of all network members was/ and still is/ the fight against prohibition and repression. Of great importance is their demand for a humane life with drugs, a demand which JES sets against the paradigm of abstinence which was predominant in Germany for decades. JES shows through its work/ that living with drugs does not automatically lead to poverty, to an illegal life or to exclusion. It depends primarily on the social and political conditions whether such a life succeeds or fails. Their aim is to make people aware of the inhumane living conditions of drug users and how these conditions can be changed. The paper presented their views.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 15.31 – 15.45
TEA 15.46 – 16.00
Chair: Mr. Srikanth Tangirala
16.01 – 16.25
Speaker No. 1
Dr. Mononita Kundu Das
National Law University, Rajasthan, India.
Bio-data:- Dr. Mononita Kundu Das lectures at the National Law University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
Title of Presentation:- Is there any relationship between environmental crisis viz. air pollution and nature of productive technology?
Abstract:- There is a close relationship between man and environment. When we talk of environmental protection, it is relative to the needs of man in time and space. Today we talk of environmental protection because it is this environment which fulfils our physical requirements and we are totally dependent on the environment and that is the most important reason as to why at present we are so much concerned to the different kinds of threat which loom in our environment. The paper put forward the view that the environmental crisis which we are facing today is due to the advancement of science and technology, but in spite of that, development has to be there and for that we should pursue sustainable development.
Speaker No. 2 16.26 – 16.50
Dr. Ravindra V. Rao
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India.
Bio-data:- Dr. Ravindra v Rao is a Senior Resident at the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre and Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi, India.
Title of Presentation:- Coverage and portrayal of HIV/AIDS issues in Indian Print Media
Abstract:- HIV/AIDS is a cross-cutting, biopsychosocial issue. For society, an important source of information regarding such issues is the print-media, which also plays a major role in shaping-up the societal attitude. However, the coverage and portrayal of HIV/AIDS in Indian print media has not been studied adequately, which prompted the current study. The findings were analyzed in this paper.
Speaker No. 3 16.51 – 17.15
Dr. António Rui Leal
Liga Portuguesa de Profilaxia Social, Portugal.
Bio-data:- Dr. Antonio Rui Leal is the President of Liga Portuguesa de Profilaxia Social (LPPS) and coordinator of Project VAMP.
Title of Presentation:- From one idea to a reality: 7 years of street interventions in prostitution - The VAMP
Abstract:- The genesis of this project retraces the year of 1988, when two young students of medicine made an inquiry in the area of prostitution in bars, by the Department of Community Health from the "Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar" - Porto. The results motivated the development of the project VAMP (Mobile Support to Prostitution), which acts for prevention, education for health and psychosocial intervention in the street prostitution of Porto, with a special Van and a multidisciplinary team. This presentation summarized the experience and clinical results in mobile support to street prostitution (male and females) during seven years.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 17.16 – 17.30
Valedictory session 17.31 onwards
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