hope 2005
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
HOPE 2005
International Conference on Alcohol/Drug Abuse, HIV/AIDS, Environment, Population and Human Rights
  3rd November 2005  
  Chair: Mr. Bhavnesh Sawhney  
  Welcome Address:
Dr. Rosy Chhabra, Convener of Hope 2005
10.21 - 10.25
Ms. Susan Gerhard, National Institute of Chemical Dependency, USA Address by Guests of Honour:
Ms. Susan Gerhard, National Institute of Chemical Dependency, USA
10.26 – 10.30
Dr. Nirupa Borges, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, India Dr. Nirupa Borges, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, India 10.31 – 10.35
  Dr. Ahmed Ali Abdelrahim, Crown Prince Court, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 10.36 – 10.40
Inaugural Lighting of the Lamp 10.41 – 10.43
Mr. V.K. Sood, Indian Oil Corporation, India Address of the Chief Guest of Honour:
Mr. V.K. Sood, Indian Oil Corporation, India
10.44 – 10.49
Dr. Yusuf Merchant, President of Hope 2005 and DAIRRC Keynote Address:
Dr. Yusuf Merchant, President of Hope 2005 and DAIRRC
10.50 – 10.57
Floral tributes by Miss Sanskriti Merchant 10.58 – 11.00
Ms. Manisha Koirala, Filmstar, India Address of the Special Guest of Honour:
Ms. Manisha Koirala, Filmstar, India
11.01 – 11.04
  Chair: Mr. Ajay Mehta
  Speaker No.1 11.05 – 11.30
Prof. Mohamed Alli Chicktay
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Bio-data:- Prof. Alli Chicktay currently works as a law lecturer at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. He has served as an advocate in the Johannesburg High Court. He has also done work as a dispute resolution consultant conducting arbitrations, mediations and disciplinary proceedings.
Title of Presentation:- Protecting the right to strike as fundamental human right
Abstract:- This talk served to highlight the significance of the right to strike as a fundamental human right. The right to strike has been described as a socio-economic right since it has been used to improve economic conditions for workers, such as wages, reasonable working conditions and a better standard of living. A violation of the right to strike would severely infringe ones right to life, property, dignity, not to be subjected to slave labour, freedom of expression and freedom of association. The right to strike is an important political right since it is essential for democracy. Denying employees the right to strike would deny them a right to participate in running the enterprise, a stake in the workplace and independence from the employer.f
  Speaker No.2 11.31 – 11.55
Dr. S.B. Singh, University of Kwazulunatal, South Africa Dr. S.B. Singh
University of Kwazulunatal, South Africa.
Bio-data:- Dr S B. Singh is a lecturer in the Department of Criminology at the University of KwaZulu Natal. She lectures to large classes with students emanating from diverse communities. She has developed and taught various modules, for example, Fundamental Criminology, Victimology, Policing, Contemporary Crime Issues, Forensic Criminology, Reaction to Crime, Corrections and Penology.
Title of Presentation:- Marginalized Social Group: Prisoners, Plagued by the HIV/AIDS Pandemic
Abstract:- One of the most critical issues threatening our planet today is the problem of HIV/AIDS. South Africa’s prisons as well as prisons globally, have become a breeding ground for HIV/AIDS, and prisoners now represent one of the most severely affected segments of the population plagued by the disease. HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death in prison and is both an indication of the pandemic within and outside prison. The conditions in prison cause HIV/AIDS infection to develop more rapidly, which means that prisoners will have a higher probability of infecting others when they are reintegrated into society.
Dr. S.B. Singh has researched the overcrowding in prisons with HIV/AIDS being one of the major challenges facing the Department of Correctional Services. This paper discussed her findings.
  Speaker No. 3 11.56 – 12.20
Ms. Susan Gerhard, National Institute of Chemical Dependency, USA Ms. Susan Gerhard
National Institute of Chemical Dependency, USA.
Bio-data:- Ms. Susan Gerhard, L.P.C. is a psychotherapist and consultant of 25 years experience in social services with degrees in Counseling Psychology and Theology. She is a board member and service provider for the National Institute of Chemical Dependency (NICD); and the director of Saranam Counseling & Consulting, L.L.C.
Title of Presentation:- The Psychology of Soul & God in Effective Substance Abuse Recovery
Abstract:- This paper investigated the psychological dynamics behind the efficacy of a non-sectarian spiritual orientation in substance abuse treatment and self-help initiatives. A case study of the NICD (National Institute of Chemical Dependency) project in conjunction with a review of recent research on the most successful period of Alcoholics Anonymous describes how a spiritual orientation, when allowed and encouraged, is a powerful mechanism for firmly establishing persons in recovery. This presentation offered significant, practical implications for substance abuse interventions and self-help initiatives with suggestions for further exploration.
  Speaker No. 4 12.21 – 12.45
Professor Nili Liphschitz, Tel Aviv University, Israel Professor Nili Liphschitz
Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Bio-data:- Prof. Nili Liphschitz is the Head of the Botanical laboratories of the Institute of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University. Her fields of research are Dendroarchaeology, Dendrochronology, Tree ecology, Wood anatomy, Forest History, Tree pathology.
Title of Presentation:- Reconstruction of past climax arboreal vegetation and macroclimate of Israel as evident from archaeological wood remains.
Abstract:- The comprehensive dendroarchaeological research in Israel shows that the climax arboreal vegetation of the Mediterranean region of the country in the past differs greatly from present-day. Main human impacts were reflected by clearance of areas for agriculture and settlements, and by cutting of trees for construction timber, fuel and heating. Very often over-exploitation led to disappearance of certain tree species from the landscape. Heavy grazing resulted in severely damaged landscape. Wars and fires along the history of the country led to total destruction and abandonment of settlements and agriculture. Consequently, soil erosion, especially on hilly and mountain regions, resulted in barren land, and in moving sand dunes along the coast. The modern settlement and afforestation of Israel started only about 80 years ago. Closed areas declared as nature reserves in the last decades are leading to upward succession. The author discussed her research in these areas.
  QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 12.46 – 13.00
  LUNCH 13.01 – 13.30
  Chair: Mrs. Ravena Hinduja
  Speaker No. 1 13.31 – 13.55
Dr. Ali Chittalia, Berwick Hospital Center, USA Dr. Ali Chittalia
Berwick Hospital Center, USA
  Bio-data:- Dr. Chittalia was selected as one amongst fifty successful Health care executives all over USA in 2002 in Careers in Health Administration published by Dr. Haddock/Health Administration Press. Currently, he is a practicing internist at Berwick, Pennsylvania. Dr. Chittalia has had the distinction of lecturing in Europe and Central Asia for American International Health Alliance projects.
  Title of Presentation:- Prescription drug abuse
  Abstract:- Prescription drug abuse is a major problem in the US. The number of people using pain relievers non-medically is over 1.5 million and is second only to marijuana use. The “Doctor Shopping” user is typically very savvy at manipulating physicians to succumb to their desires. Fear of confrontation and “Why bother” attitude of physicians further fuel this menace. Several hundred ER visits each month can be attributed to drug seekers. It increases overall health delivery costs from any macroeconomics perspective, not to mention the valuable time taken away from other sick patients. This presentation highlighted the problem of prescription drug abuse.
  Speaker No. 2 13.56 – 14.20
Professor Helen Lemay, Stony Brook University, USA Professor Helen Lemay
Stony Brook University, USA
  Bio-data:- Professor Helen Lemay is Distinguished Teaching Professor in the Department of History at Stony Brook University, New York, USA. Professor Lemay has been teaching at Stony Brook for 35 years. She has been working on integrating AIDS into the Undergraduate Curriculum since 1997, sponsored by a series of very small grants from the Association of American Colleges and Universities.
  Title of Presentation:- University-Community Dialogues on HIV/AIDS in New York City
  Abstract:- Since 1998, the State University of New York at Stony Brook has worked in the field of HIV Prevention with college and high school students. Based on the rationale that in today’s generation of college students we find tomorrow’s national leaders, and that young people will inherit a society marked in every way by the effects of the pandemic, they designed and implemented curricular units to focus on relevant areas. A second phase of this program at Stony Brook’s Manhattan campus involves bringing inner-city high school students into the college classroom. Not only do the students master academic skills, but part of their course requirement is to put on a conference at the end of every semester attended by students’ families and friends. The purpose of these conferences is to provide opportunities to showcase the class’s accomplishments and to initiate an open dialogue about HIV/AIDS with members of New York City’s largely minority communities, where there is significant HIV+ incidence. The paper threw light on this method of awareness propagation.
  Speaker No. 3 14.21 – 14.45
Dr. Vijaya Gupta, National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India Dr. Vijaya Gupta
National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India.
  Bio-data:- Dr. Vijaya Gupta is a Professor in Economics at National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai. She has also worked as lecturer and reader in Economics at the National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, and was visiting faculty for one year at the Sheffield University Management School, and Sheffield Hallam University, in the UK.
  Title of Presentation:- Searching for Empirical Evidences for Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 and SO2 Emissions and Future Emission scenario in India
  Abstract:- There is empirical consensus amongst the researchers that some pollutants follow an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) depicting inverted U-shaped relationship with economic growth, while others do not. This paper attempted to find out whether India has reached that level of economic development to have an inverted U-shaped EKC for CO2 and SO2 emissions. For this purpose different functional form for EKC were statistically estimated and analyzed for 1884-2000 to see the long-term trends in the economic growth and the CO2 and SO2 emissions.
  Speaker No. 4 14.46 – 15.10
Ms. Ruba Al Hassan, United Nations Development Programme, UAE Ms. Ruba Al Hassan
United Nations Development Programme, UAE.
  Bio-data:- Ms. Ruba Al Hassan is the Human Development Programme Coordinator for the United Nations Development Programme in the UAE. Her other roles include serving as the focal points for Human Rights, Poverty, and Gender.
  Title of Presentation:- Human Trafficking: The Case of the UAE
  Abstract:- The recent Human Trafficking report issued by the U.S. State Department sparked a controversial debate on human trafficking issues in the Gulf region. Concerns on the use of underage camel jockeys and the increasing sex trade were rampant especially in the high income, yet still developing, Arab Gulf countries. The UAE has yet to build capacity of its institutions responsible for tackling this situation as this young country is still in its infancy. This paper shed light on the realities of the situation and highlighted best practices that regional countries can learn from when dealing with this increasing form of exploitation.
  QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 15.11 – 15.30
  TEA 15.31 – 15.50
  Chair: Dr. Meghna Vithlani
  Speaker No.1 15.51 – 16.15
Dr. Manu N Kulkarni, HOPE Foundation, Bangalore, India  Dr. Manu N Kulkarni
HOPE Foundation, Bangalore, India
  Bio-data:- Dr. Manu Kulkarni is a Member of the Prime Minister’s National Commission on Population, Government of India, and Chairman/Trustee of the Hope Foundation, Bangalore.
  Title of Presentation:- Population Stabilization in India-Threats and opportunities
  Abstract:- In India, Population stabilization need holistic strategies covering broad spectrum of policies to cover good health for mothers, women and fathers cutting across all religious groups across the country. It should include education, social empowerment of women in particular , gender equity and balanced sex ratio, nutrition, affordable medical technologies for child spacing and reproductive child and mothers health, good nutrition literacy, and linking the whole demographic strategies with economic development and national prosperity. This paper discussed the five areas that need special emphasis.
  Speaker No. 2 16.16 – 16.40
Dr. Dennis Francis
University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.
  Bio-data:- Dr. Dennis Francis is a lecturer in the school of Education and Development, University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. He holds a PhD in Sociology.
  Title of Presentation:- HIVISM: A Pervasive system of oppression
  Abstract:- This paper, structured in three parts, argued that the negative treatment meted out to people living with HIV/AIDS, by those who are HIV negative or unaware of their serostatus, constitutes oppression. The writer drew on a qualitative study that explored the perceptions and experiences of nine individuals living with HIV/AIDS in South Africa. In part one the terms stigma, prejudice, discrimination and oppression were unpacked. In the second part, the writer described the research strategy used to understand the participant’s subjective experiences of prejudice and discrimination. Part three integrated the voices from the interviews together with the literature and empirical analysis.
  Speaker No. 3 16.41 – 17.05
Professor Jacques Fortin
School of Medecine, Lille University, France
  Bio-data:- Professor Jacques Fortin, MD, PHD, pediatrician, is currently Professor of Health Education Sciences, Department of Public Health, School of Medecine, at Lille University, France. and Director of the Health service for students in Lille universities.
  Title of Presentation:- Smoking prevention in university: a multifocal approach
  Abstract:- In France smoking prohibition law in public places like universities is hardly respected, cannabis use and binge drinking are indulgently neglected by authorities. The student health prevention service is too often limited to individual counseling or inefficient collective information for risks. With the purpose of a more efficient smoking prevention approach at universities in Lille (France), a survey carried out on a randomised sample of 2949 students focused on protective and risk factors of use and misuse of tobacco, cannabis and alcohol. From multivariate analysis a multifocal prevention policy in universities has been set up. This paper analyzed the policy.
  Speaker No. 4 17.06 – 17.30
Dr. Barbara Schofield, Terence Cardinal Cooke Health Care Center, New York, USA Dr. Barbara Schofield
Terence Cardinal Cooke Health Care Center, New York, USA
Bio-data:- Dr. Barbara Schofield is the attending Pediatrician at Specialty Hospital TCCHCC for children with complex medical needs and developmental disabilities; Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at New York Medical College, Valhalla;Clinical Geneticist; Assistant Attending Pediatrician at Pediatric ER of Beth Israel Hospital NYC; Medical Examiner for Asylum Seekers and Victims of Torture under Physicians for Human Rights.
  Title of Presentation:- Encephalopathy and Perinatal HIV
  Abstract:- Perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)was first identified in the 1980's. HIV-related encephalopathy has been recognized as a common sequelae of the disease. Before the widespread use of combination antiviral therapy in 1996, the prevalence of progressive encephalopathy was estimated as between 30-50% and that of static encephalopathy as high as 90% in the population of perinatally infected children. This paper discussed the case report of a 16 year old female with perinatal HIV, to highlight the fact that HIV infected children less than one year of age are at high risk for disease progression. Such children should be treated with antiretroviral agents as soon as the diagnosis has been confirmed, regardless of clinical or immunological status or viral load.
  QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 17.31 – 17.45
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